The Ankle Overview
The VA awards disability compensation for each Ankle condition that is service-connected. The DoD will also rate service-connected conditions as long as they also make the service member Unfit for Duty. For Reservists, the condition must have occurred in or resulted from an injury in the Line of Duty to qualify.
The Musculoskeletal System is vast and complex, consisting of muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and bones. Thus, a single injury to the Ankle can cause multiple issues. Because of this complexity, the VA simplified the rating system for musculoskeletal conditions to focus on the resulting disability from a condition or group of conditions existing in the same body part.
To honor the Pyramiding Principle, only a single rating can be given for conditions of the Ankle with a few exceptions. If a nerve condition also exists in the Ankle, then that can be rated separately under one of the Lower Nerve codes since the Nervous System is separate and distinct. Other exceptions, if any, are noted in specific rating codes found on the Ankle Condition Ratings page.
Muscles do have their own rating system (see the Foot and Lower Leg Muscles page), but cannot be rated in addition to another musculoskeletal rating for the Ankle since they often result in similar symptoms (limitation of motion, etc.).
The VASRD offers ratings for the following musculoskeletal conditions of the Ankle:
- Ankle Joint
- Ankle Replacements
- Tarsal Joint
- Musculoskeletal Diseases
- Injuries to the Talus and Heel Bones
In reality, the majority of Ankle conditions will be rated on limitation of motion since that is the most common symptom of these conditions that results in a measurable disability, but other rating options exist to rate the Ankle conditions that cause other forms of disability.
If a condition is not directly listed, it is rated under the code that best describes it or its dominant symptom (hint: the majority will be rated as limitation of motion). See the Ankle Condition Ratings page.
In addition to or instead of the standard disability compensation for Ankle conditions, amputations or loss of use of the Ankle may also qualify for Special Monthly Compensation.